As a school, it is imperative for educators to know more about the students they teach.
On November 13, our guidance counselor, Mr. Angkakul Taprom gave a lecture entitled, “Knowing our students’ differences in Multiple Intelligences” where she got references from Howard Gardner’s theory on multiple intelligences (1986). Each child is not born with the intelligence they will ever have. This theory challenged the traditional notion that there is one single type of intelligence, sometimes known as “g” for general intelligence, that only focuses on cognitive abilities. Also references from Learning Styles Theory by Carl Jung (1927) and the Right brain – Left brain Theory by a neuropsychologist Roger W. Sperry (1960).
With the information presented, these are the eight categories of multiple intelligences:
1 Linguistic Intelligence (“word smart”)
Linguistic Intelligence is a part of Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory that deals with sensitivity to the spoken and written language, ability to learn languages, and capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals.
People with linguistic intelligence have an ability to analyze information and create products involving oral and written language such as speeches, books, and memos.
Students who have linguistic intelligence become lawyers, speakers/hosts, authors, journalists, and curators.
2 Logical-Mathematical Intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
Logical-mathematical intelligence refers to the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically.
People with logical-mathematical intelligence have an ability to develop equations and proofs, make calculations, and solve abstract problems.
Students who have this intelligence become mathematicians, accountants, statisticians, scientists, and computer analysts.
3 Spatial Intelligence (“picture smart”)
Spatial intelligence features the potential to recognize and manipulate the patterns of wide space (those used, for instance, by navigators and pilots) as well as the patterns of more confined areas, such as those of importance to sculptors, surgeons, chess players, graphic artists, or architects.
People with spatial intelligence have an ability to recognize and manipulate large-scale and fine-grained spatial images.
Careers that dominate spatial intelligence are pilots, surgeons, architects, graphic artists, and interior decorators.
4 Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence (“body smart”)
Bodily kinesthetic intelligence is the potential of using one’s whole body or parts of the body (like the hand or the mouth) to solve problems or to fashion products.
People with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence have an ability to use one’s own body to create products, perform skills, or solve problems through mind–body union.
Many people who have bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are dancers, athletes, surgeons, mechanics, carpenters, and physical therapists.
5 Musical Intelligence (“music smart”)
Musical intelligence refers to the skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns.
People with musical intelligence have an ability to recognize and create musical pitch, rhythm, timbre, and tone.
careers that take advantage of musical intelligences are singers, composers, DJ’s and musicians.
6 Interpersonal Intelligence (“people smart”)
Interpersonal intelligence is the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations, and desires of other people and consequently to work effectively with others.
People with interpersonal intelligence have an ability to recognize and understand other people’s moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.
Careers with skills in interpersonal intelligence are teachers, psychologists, managers, salespeople, and people in public relations.
7 Intrapersonal Intelligence (“self smart”)
Intrapersonal intelligence is the capacity to understand oneself, to have an effective working model of oneself-including own’s desires, fears, and capacities—and to use such information effectively in regulating one’s own life.
People with intrapersonal intelligence have an ability to recognize and understand his or her own moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.
This type of intelligence can help a person to understand which life goals are important and how to achieve them.
People with intrapersonal intelligence have careers as therapists, psychologists, counselors, entrepreneurs, and clergies.
8 Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)
Naturalistic intelligence involves expertise in the recognition and classification of the numerous species—the flora and fauna—of his or her environment.
People with naturalistic intelligence have an ability to identify and distinguish among different types of plants, animals, and weather formations that are found in the natural world.
Careers that dominate naturalist intelligences are botanists, biologists, astronomers, meteorologists, and geologists.